What is Aktiv-E?Aktiv-E is a professional line of products for the care of automobiles featuring formulas with added active enzymes.
What are active enzymes?Enzymes are naturally occurring protein molecules that are present in all living cells and act as catalysts to accelerate a biochemical reaction. Enzymes used in detergents are very specific and act to break down a particular substance so it can be easily lifted away in the wash. For example, lipase enzymes break down oils and fats, while amylase enzymes break down starches for easier removal from fabrics.
How do enzymes work?
- Dirt residue builds up in the microscopic indentations of the surfaces, making it difficult to remove them.
- The active enzymes, molecules present in all living cells, penetrate deep into the pores and degrade a wide range of organic residues that are not visible to the naked eye.
- They speed up and improve the quality of the cleaning: deeper and faster. In addition, they help eliminate foul odours.
Generally speaking, how do detergents containing active enzymes work?Since the 1960s, enzymes have been a key ingredient of detergents. Beneficial microorganisms penetrate deep into the pores of surfaces to degrade a wide range of embedded residual organic soils for improved cleaning performance. Various soils, such as oil, grease and sugary stains, collect in the microscopic indentations and fissures of hard surfaces, making them difficult to completely remove. The formulations with added enzymes offer instant cleaning by removing surfacer residue.
Enzymes degrade stains into smaller, more water-soluble parts that can be removed more easily during washing. What's more, they can also be effective in smaller doses (compacting): weight-efficiency, meaning that a smaller quantity of enzymes can be used to achieve deep cleaning compared to results obtained with other ingredients.
In addition, one enzyme molecule can act repeatedly on the substrate molecules (e.g. soil), so a small amount of enzyme added to a detergent can provide a big cleaning benefit to the consumer. This catalytic property gives enzymes a crucial role in compacted and concentrated detergents.
Many enzymes, many different tasks.Because enzymes are highly specific in the reactions they catalyze, an abundant supply of enzymes must be present in cells to carry out all the different chemical transformations required. Most enzymes help break down large molecules into smaller ones and release energy from their substrates. To date, scientists have identified over 10,000 different enzymes. Because there are so many, a logical method of nomenclature has been developed to ensure that each one can be clearly defined and identified.
Although enzymes are usually identified using short trivial names, they also have longer systematic names. Furthermore, each type of enzyme has a four-part classification number (EC number) based on the standard enzyme nomenclature system maintained by the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Most enzymes catalyze the transfer of electrons, atoms or functional groups. And depending on the types of reactions catalyzed, they are divided into six main classes, which in turn are split into groups and subclasses. For example, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of milk sugar (lactose) to galactose and glucose has the trivial name lactase, the systematic name beta- D-galactoside galactohydrolase, and the classification number EC 184.108.40.206.
List of enzymes: amfep.drupalgardens.com/content/list-enzymes
Enzymes - sustainable solutionEnzymes enable various industries to ensure the quality and stability of products with increased production efficiency. They also help provide environment-friendly products to consumers thanks to using less energy, water and raw materials and generating less waste. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has estimated the efficiency improvements that enzymes would enable in food and traditional industries. The results show that enzymes could e.g. save up to 139 MtCO2e (Million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent) in the food industry and up to 65 MtCO2e in traditional industries (detergents, textiles, pulp and paper) by 2030. This is equivalent to the CO2 emissions of consuming 430 million barrels of oil or taking off the road nearly 40 million cars. (Source: WWF, Industrial biotechnology - More than green fuel in a dirty economy? Exploring the transformational potential of industrial biotechnology on the way to a green economy, 2009).
Most industries have to address the issue of waste production which is hazardous by nature. This is not the case with enzymes as they are fully biodegradable. When industrial enzymes have done their job, they break down into amino acids that are naturally recycled in the environment. Enzymes also help to improve resource efficiency in the food chain by reducing processing losses.
For additional information: www.amfep.org - www.aise.eu